Long-bearded Hawkweed

Hawkweed

Hieracium longiberbe (hi-er-ay-shium: hawk—; lawn-jib-er-be: long beard)

Flower heads bright yellow, several, ½–1″ across [12–25 mm]; no disk flowers; leaves alternate, 1–5″ long [3–12 cm], oblanceolate, 3–5 times longer than they are wide, entire; involucres, stems, and leaves (at least near edges) covered with long white hairs; leaf veins and stems often magenta in spring; stems milky-juiced, 10–24″ tall [25–60 cm].

Similar: Scouler’s Hawkweed, with mid-stem leaves much smaller than the basal ones, is widespread in the Northwest, but not as common within the Columbia Gorge.

 

Habitat: Rocky slopes at low elevations in the Columbia River Gorge.

This article and photo are adapted from Northwest Mountain Wildflowers, an app for iPhone and iPod.

 

 

Natural History: The milky juice of hawkweeds and mountain-dandelions dries into “Indian bubble-gum,” which was chewed for mouth entertainment or cleaning.